Crisis Response Operation Core
|Crisis Response Operation Core|
Other PESCO states
|Part of||Permanent Structured Cooperation|
The Crisis Response Operation Core (CROC) is a flagship European Union defence project under development as part of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO). CROC will contribute to the creation of a "full spectrum force package" to speed up provision of military forces and the EU's crisis management capabilities.
Rather than creating a standing force, the project involves creating a concrete catalogue of military force elements that would speed up the establishment of a force when the EU decides to launch an operation. It is land-focused and aims to generate a force of 60,000 troops from the contributing states alone. While it does not establish any form of "European army", it foresees a deployable, interoperable force under a single command.
Germany is leading the project, but France is also heavily involved as the subject is tied to President Emmanuel Macron's proposal to create a standing intervention force. France views this project as an example of what the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) is all about.
As of September 2021, Cyprus, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, and Spain are participating in CROC, and other member states could join.
Core participating states
- Germany - Project coordinator
- Czech Republic
- European Union Military Staff
- Permanent Structured Cooperation
- ^ Project outlines
- ^ European Defence: What’s in the CARDs for PESCO?
- ^ Barigazzi, Jacopo (10 December 2017). "EU unveils military pact projects". Politico. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- ^ Biscop, Sven (September 2021). "The Strategic Compass: Entering the Fray" (PDF). egmontinstitute.be. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
|External Action Service|
|Council preparatory bodies|
|European Commission bodies|
- Galileo navigation system
- Secure Software-defined Radio (PESCO)